Paraphrasing text
Paraphrasing text

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Paraphrasing text

4 Activity 4

Activity 4 Paraphrasing strategies: synonyms

In this activity you will practise showing your understanding of a word or concept by using a synonym.

Match the meaning of the original word in italics below by selecting the right synonym. When you are working with a text, the synonym you choose will depend on the context. Just looking up words in your dictionary might not work.

Question 1

The impact

a. 

force


b. 

effect


c. 

shock


The correct answer is b.

Answer

effect

Question 2

of HIV/AIDS on the economies and hence the political stability

a. 

balance


b. 

tendency


c. 

strength


The correct answer is a.

Answer

balance

Question 3

of heavily affected countries is a major cause for international concern

a. 

business


b. 

interest


c. 

worry


The correct answer is c.

Answer

worry

Question 4

and is a reminder that an infectious disease still has the potential

a. 

capability


b. 

amount


c. 

impact


The correct answer is a.

Answer

capability

Question 5

to alter the course of a country’s history. Past epidemics and the long-term impact of diseases have been among the most potent forces shaping the current global

a. 

local


b. 

national


c. 

worldwide


The correct answer is c.

Answer

worldwide

Question 6

distribution of population and cultures. Their influence can be seen

a. 

watched


b. 

looked at


c. 

observed


The correct answer is c.

Answer

observed

Question 7

in the balance of political and economic power in the modern world.

Answer

Here you can see the complete text with the correct synonyms inserted.

  • The effect of HIV/AIDS on the economies and hence the political balance of heavily affected countries is a major cause for international worry and is a reminder that an infectious disease still has the capability to alter the course of a country’s history. Past epidemics and the long-term impact of diseases have been among the most potent forces shaping the current worldwide distribution of population and cultures. Their influence can be observed in the balance of political and economic power in the modern world.

Comment

When you are looking for a synonym, you make decisions about the best choice for the context: for example, using worry is more appropriate than interest. Although both are synonyms for concern, worry fits better with the negative tone of the text.

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