Sally–Anne false belief task
An experimental test of a person’s ability to understand that another person may have a different belief about a situation, one which differs from current reality and is thus ‘false’. This test involves a scenario enacted by two dolls called Sally and Anne and the movement of a marble when one is absent. The test is whether the person observing the scenario understands that the character who has been absent will not know that the marble is not in its original position. (See also Theory of Mind.)
A term used for those with profound difficulties in most areas who display an exceptional talent in one area such as art or music.
This is a condition, seen especially in children, in which a person does not speak or communicate effectively in situations where they do not feel comfortable, secure and relaxed. For instance, a child may not speak – or indeed attempt any communication – at school, yet do so at home with their close family. In many cases, selective mutism can be attributed to extreme social anxiety. When it occurs with autism, it may be part of a more fundamental communication problem.
A person’s capacity to reflect on their own thoughts, feelings and traits.
Sensory is important first one
Broadly defined as a
state in which individuals are exposed to so many sensory stimuli, or to
stimuli at such high intensities, that they become unable to deal with them.
For instance, they may become very stressed and/or become unresponsive to
sensory input. In autism, hypersensitivity to sensory stimuli means
that a person may experience overload even for moderate levels of stimulation
that would not be disagreeable for a person without autism.
A neurotransmitter involved in complex brain processes, including the regulation of mood, emotions, aggression, sleep and body temperature.