Addiction and neural ageing
Addiction and neural ageing

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Glossary


Glossary for SD805_2
Browse the glossary using this index

Special | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL

Page: (Previous)   1  ...  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  ...  55  (Next)
  ALL

C

covalent bond

Chemical bond involving pairs of electrons shared between atoms; one pair of shared electrons constitutes a single bond, two pairs a double bond and three pairs a triple bond.


cranial nerve

A nerve conveying information between the brain and regions of the head, e.g. the optic nerve.


creatine phosphate

Molecule in skeletal muscle which phosphorylates ADP, thus producing ATP for use in muscle contraction:

creatine phosphate + ADP Equalibrium creatine + ATP

The reaction is reversible, and creatine phosphate is regenerated (by phosphorylation from ATP) when the muscle is at rest.


cristae

Folds of the inner mitochondrial membrane.


cross-sectional method

An experimental method which involves making comparisons between groups of people from different sections of the population made at the same point in time.


cultural evolution

The gradual changes to the customs, beliefs, values, knowledge and actions of human societies, which have been occurring for perhaps the last million years.


culture

Technical name for the method (cell or tissue culture) used to study biological phenomena in the cell population that was, first, isolated from the animal of interest. A technique that allows living cells to be grown outside the body. Depending on the cell type, they might survive for a few days only, or they might differentiate and proliferate and continue the cell line for many years.


Cushing syndrome

A hormonal/metabolic disorder caused by hyperplasia of the pituitary gland, an increase in secretion of ACTH, and consequent hyperplasia of the adrenal gland.


cytokinesis

The final stage of cell division; the separation into two cells, of a cell that has undergone nuclear division.


cytoplasm

All the cell contents outside the nucleus, i.e. cytosol, organelles, intracellular membranes, cytoskeleton, ribosomes.



Page: (Previous)   1  ...  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  ...  55  (Next)
  ALL


Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371