2 Creationism in disguise
In recent years, creationists have re-branded their hypothesis as 'intelligent design', which asserts that the apparently designed fit of organisms to their conditions of life necessarily implies the existence of an intelligent designer. This idea is no more than the old 'argument from design', promulgated most famously by William Paley in his fable of chancing upon a watch and inferring a watchmaker, which the theory of evolution by natural selection refutes, as brilliantly explained by Richard Dawkins in his aptly titled book The Blind Watchmaker. Paley's analogy is false, because watches are not living organisms capable of reproduction, hence evolution. Needless to say, 'intelligent design' has not fooled the American courts, who have recognised it simply as creationism in disguise.