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This suggests that the causes of a condition are rooted in a person’s biological make-up, that is, their genes and the structure and function of the brain and other components of the nervous system.
In experiments and observational
studies, this refers to the procedure in which the researcher evaluating the behaviour
does not know which participants are in the experimental group and which are in
the control group.
The means by which information about thoughts, feelings or attitudes is communicated non-verbally, either consciously or non-consciously. Includes facial expressions, gesture and posture, as well as the use of space.
A number of techniques that generate computerised images of the living brain, used to investigate structural and functional characteristics. Includes MRI and fMRI.
Broader Autism Phenotype (BAP)
Milder manifestations of traits characteristic for autism in relatives of people with autism.
A gene whose
function, or location on a chromosome, suggests that it might be associated
with a condition or disorder.
and description of the specific characteristics of a selected individual.
Pooling of case study material across individuals may permit identification of
general features. The method is used by clinical practitioners, and in some
forms of research.
An approach which some
have misleadingly claimed alleviates or cures autism by eliminating ‘excess
toxins’ from the body. Described by the UK’s National Institution for Clinical
Excellence (NICE) as harmful and to be avoided.