Session 1: Setting the scene by looking at the past
In the first session of this course, you will look at the history of children’s mental health. Until the middle of the twentieth century, following the Second World War and the formation of government welfare services, children’s mental health was not recognised as the significant issue it is today. However, some children will have experienced mental health problems, even if these were left undiagnosed, and you will be examining some of the reasons why this might have happened.
You will look at a news account about children’s mental health and consider why there are currently reported increases in the numbers of cases of children with compromised mental health, and you will be encouraged to identify some of the reasons why this might or might not be the case. You will also be introduced to some of the ‘language’ associated with children and their mental health. This will hopefully make the content in later sessions more familiar to you. And finally, you will be encouraged to think about the resources within the child, the family, their community and wider society that can help children to develop ensuring good overall mental health.
It is important to highlight that contemporary Western views about children and mental health are not going to be held globally; some cultures as well as religions hold beliefs that mean they do not recognise mental health issues as an illness. Instead, the causes of behaviours in children that are outside the norm are sometimes attributed to other explanatory models, a contentious example being that a child is possessed by evil spirits.
Now listen to the following audio in which Liz Middleton, one of the course authors, introduces the session.
Transcript: Audio 1
By the end of this session, you will be able to:
- describe an overview of the history of children and mental health
- outline the reasons why there is an increase in awareness of children’s mental health
- identify selected factors that can impact children’s mental health and wellbeing.
The Open University would really appreciate a few minutes of your time to tell us about yourself and your expectations for the course before you begin, in our optional. Participation will be completely confidential and we will not pass on your details to others.