Diabetes care
Diabetes care

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Diabetes care

3.1 胰脏

胰脏是位于腹腔后部的一个器官。腹腔内部有胃、肠、肝、脾、胰和其他器官。胰脏与肝和脾相邻(如图1)。胰脏产生许多物质,包括胰岛素和胰增血糖素。产生激素的细胞位于胰脏的朗格罕氏岛上。这些小岛包含α和β细胞,β细胞产生胰岛素,α细胞产生胰增血糖素。

图 1 展示了腹腔内部胃、肠、肝、胰等的位置。你不必详细记住每个器官的名称,该图为了展示完整性,将其他器官也标注了名称
图2 标注了α和β细胞在胰脏中的位置。

如果胰脏受到严重损害或者由于某种原因被摘除,那么身体里就不会产生胰岛素,从而引起糖尿病。

SK120_3

Take your learning further371

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses372.

If you are new to university level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. Find out Where to take your learning next?373 You could either choose to start with an Access courses374or an open box module, which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification.

Not ready for University study then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn375 and sign up to our newsletter376 to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371