The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence.
Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:
Course image: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.in Flickr made available under
Figures 1, 4 right and left, 6a, 6b, 7b, 8 and 10: Mike Ford and DaveMustcroft/The Open University;
Figure 2: Ed Young/Science Photo Library;
Figure 3: Courtesy of Tracy Finnegan;
Figure 4 middle, 5, 6c: 9a, 9b, 12a, 12b and 12c: Mike Levers/The Open University;
Figure 11a: Yoav Levy/photolibrary.com;
Figure 11b: Van Wynsberghe, D., Noback, C. R. and Carola, R. (1995) Human Anatomy and Physiology, 3rd edn, McGraw-Hill Inc
© Mike Dodd.
Don't miss out:
If reading this text has inspired you to learn more, you may be interested in joining the millions of people who discover our free learning resources and qualifications by visiting The Open University - www.open.edu/ openlearn/ free-courses