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Volcanic hazards
Volcanic hazards

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This course was written by David Rothery.

Course image: Scot Nelson [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons licence). See Terms and Conditions.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources:

Figures 1 & 2 Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, United States

Geological Survey

Figure 3 Peter Francis

Figure 4 Richard P. Hoblitt, photograph taken 12th June

1991, Cascades Volcano Observatory, United States Geological Survey

Figure 5 USGS 1997, Modified from Tilling, Topinka and Swanson, 1990, Eruptions of Mount St Helens. Present and Future, USGS Special Interest Publication;

Figure 6 Ward, S. N, and Day, S. (2001), 'Cumbre Vieja Volcano - Potential collapse and tsunami at La Palma, Canary Islands' Geophysical Research Letters , 28(17) 2001, American Geophysical Union;

Figure 7 David Rothery

Rothery, David, A, (2010) Chapter 5 from Volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis, Teach Yourself ® series ('TYVET'), published by Hodder Education, Copyright © David A. Rothery.

This book forms part of the course S186 Volcanoes, Earthquakes and Tsunamis.

Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders. If any have been inadvertently overlooked the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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