Resource 2: Products from crude oil
Teacher resource for planning or adapting to use with pupils
This diagram shows an oil distillation column.
Adapted from: Oxford Science Programme Book1, published by OxfordUniversity Press, p. 92 (1990)
|Uses of crude oil|
|Fraction (or part) of the crude oil||Products from this fraction (sometimes after further treatment)|
|Gas (G)||Gas fuels, such as calor gas, making other chemicals|
|Petrol (P)||Fuel for cars, pesticides, drugs, plastics, fertilisers, detergents, solvents, making other chemicals|
|Kerosene (K)||Paraffin, jet fuel, white spirit|
|Diesel (D)||Fuel for trucks and buses, central heating oil|
|Heavy Oils (HO)||Lubricating oils and grease, waxes, polishes, making other chemicals|
|Residue (R)||Tar for road surfaces, waterproof roofing materials, fuel for power stations|
Teaching ideas would include making posters of products and by-products of crude oil using collages of magazine and newspaper adverts (you could show the products or brand names and symbols). Alternatively, you could make a display of empty containers. Products to consider include paraffin, diesel oil, petrol, lip balm, lipsticks, vaseline, lubricating oils, candles, tar and plastics.