4.2  Routes of immunization for injectable vaccines

In this section you will learn about the routes of administration for the injectable EPI vaccines. The injection routes are either intradermal (ID), subcutaneous (SC) or intramuscular (IM). Figure 4.11 shows the correct needle position for each of these routes. In all cases, you should follow the standard procedures for reducing the risk of infection and injury (Section 4.1).

Figure 4.11  Needle positions for intradermal, subcutaneous and intramuscular injections. (Source: WHO, 2001, Immunization in Practice, Module 2, EPI Vaccines, Figure 2-G, p.21)

4.1.4  Reconstituting BCG and measles vaccines with diluent

4.2.1  Intradermal immunization with BCG vaccine