This free course was developed by Dr. Alexander Mikroyannidis and was first published in September 2021. The development of this course has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 822404 (QualiChain).

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:


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Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the author of this course will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.