A timeline of symphonies from 1900-1945

Updated Thursday 17th November 2011

A timeline of the major symphonic works produced in the first half of the 20th Century

For a discussion of the symphony between 1900-45, see Musical landscapes: The symphony after 1900. You can also explore the connections between some of the 20th century's most important composers.

 Date  Composer  Symphony
 1901-02  Sibelius  Symphony no. 2
 1901-02  Nielsen  Symphony no. 2 'The Four Temperaments
 1901-02  Mahler  Symphony no. 5
 1903-05  Debussy  La Mer 'Symphonic Sketches'
 1903-09  Vaughan Williams  A Sea Symphony
 1904  Strauss  Sinfonia Domestica
 1906  Schoenberg  Chamber Symphony no. 1
 1906  Mahler  Symphony no. 8
 1907-08  Elgar  Symphony no. 1
 1908-11  Ives  Symphony no. 3 'The Camp Meeting'
 1912-13  Vaughan Williams  A London Symphony
 1914-16  Nielsen  Symphony no. 4 'The Inextinguishable'
 1914-16  Szymanowski  Symphony no. 3 'The song of the night'
 1915  Strauss  Alpine Symphony
 1915  Sibelius  Symphony no. 5
 1915-28  Ives  Universe Symphony (unfinished)
 1916-17  Prokofiev  Symphony no. 1 'Classical'
 1917-19  Ives  A Symphony: New England Holidays
 1921  Vaughan Williams  Pastoral Symphony
 1922  Milhaud  Symphonie de chambre no. 5
 1923  Honegger  Mouvement symphonique no. 1 'Pacific 231'
 1924  Sibelius  Symphony no. 7
 1926  Janácek  Sinfonietta
 1927  Shostakovich  Symphony no. 2 'To October'
 1929  Bax  Symphony no. 3
 1930  Stravinsky  Symphony of Psalms
 1933-34  Britten  Simple Symphony
 1934  Hindemith  Mathis der Maler
 1934-37  Moeran  Symphony in G minor
 1939-40  Casella  Symphony no. 3
 1940  Britten  Sinfonia da Requiem
 1941  Shostakovich  Symphony no. 7 'Leningrad'
 1942-45  Stravinsky  Symphony in Three Movements
 1944-46  Copland  Symphony no. 2
 1945  Benjamin  Symphony
 1945  Klami  Symphony no. 2
 1945  Shostakovich  Symphony no. 9
 1945-46  Honegger  Symphony no. 3 'Liturgique'
 

For further information, take a look at our frequently asked questions which may give you the support you need.

Have a question?

Other content you may like

The illicit world of Indian dance Copyrighted image Icon Copyright: Vonora | Dreamstime.com article icon

History & The Arts 

The illicit world of Indian dance

Although Bollywood has brought social change, the history of dancers in India is a story of shaming. Anna Morcom visited Thinking Allowed to explain why.

Article
Scoring the Shoreline Copyrighted image Icon Copyright: BBC article icon

History & The Arts 

Scoring the Shoreline

George Revill considers the synergy between sound waves and ocean waves - how the coast of Britain has inspired the nation's musical heritage.  

Article
Shaken and stirred? Blending the familiar and new in Bond’s music  Creative commons image Icon jcoterhals under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 licence under Creative-Commons license article icon

History & The Arts 

Shaken and stirred? Blending the familiar and new in Bond’s music

With all the talk on who will be the next James Bond, we get shaken and stirred about the music in these iconic films.  

Article

History & The Arts 

Entrainment

Open University ethnomusicologist Martin Clayton describes how his study of music and its performance in different cultural settings has allowed him to develop his understanding of the concept of entrainment. His research into this phenomenon is providing key insights into the synchronisation of rhythmic processes in humans and in the natural world. To find out more, follow the research links.

Video
5 mins
Charles Hazlewood on... Tchaikovsky and me Creative commons image Icon The Brass Potato under CC-NC-ND licence under Creative-Commons license video icon

History & The Arts 

Charles Hazlewood on... Tchaikovsky and me

The conductor Charles Hazlewood explains the challenges and rewards he's found in Tchaikovsky's music.

Video
5 mins
Yesterday’s genre, or the music of the future? Creative commons image Icon Work found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Philip_Glass_018.jpg / CC BY-SA 3.0 under Creative-Commons license article icon

History & The Arts 

Yesterday’s genre, or the music of the future?

Ben Winters ponders the state of the Symphony since the Second World War.

Article
David Bowie faces the last taboo Creative commons image Icon NYCArthur under CC-BY-NC-SA licence under Creative-Commons license article icon

History & The Arts 

David Bowie faces the last taboo

David Bowie's later work showed him taking on the taboo of death with the vigour he'd used to break barriers of gender and identity, says Elizabeth Tilley.

Article
What is music? Copyrighted image Icon Copyright: BBC article icon

History & The Arts 

What is music?

What is music and where does it come from? A number of people contribute their ideas in this article which was originally part of the "Big Question" series.

Article
Learning to groove Creative commons image Icon Bill Henderson under CC-BY-SA licence under Creative-Commons license audio icon

History & The Arts 

Learning to groove

The story of Tomorrow's Warriors, teaching young people to love jazz - and training them for music industry success.

Audio
15 mins