1 Self-esteem and self-efficacy
The concepts of self-esteem and self-efficacy are closely related but slightly different. Frank (2011) describes them as ‘the pillars of the self-concept’, influencing whether our sense of self is positive or negative. She explains that they ‘do tend to correspond, so a person who is low in one is more likely to be low in the other’ and believes that both can be improved. But what are they?