Childhood in the digital age
Childhood in the digital age

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This free course was written by Nathalia Gjersoe, Natalia Kucirkova and John Oates. It was first published in October 2016 and updated in January 2020.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgements section, this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence  [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:


Course image © Harrison Haines/

Figure 1 © monkeybusinessimages/

Figure 2 © boggy22/

Figure 3 © monkeybusinessimages/, © Cindy Singleton/

Figure 4 © Jodi Jacobson/ © Jodi Jacobson/

Figure 5 © skynesher/

Figure 6 © courtsey of

Figure 7 © IPGGutenbergUKLtd/

Figure 8 © Vodafone

Figure 9 © deucee_/


1.1: Extract from: Holloway, D., Green, L. and Livingstone, S. (2013) Zero to Eight: Young Children and their Internet Use, LSE, London and EU Kids Online, pp. 10–13.

2.3: Extract from: Bennett, S., Maton, K.A. and Kervin, L. (2008) ‘The “digital natives” debate: a critical review of the evidence’, British Journal of Educational Technology, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 775–86.

Audio visual


1.2 Bringing Up Britain 19 September 2012 © BBC


3.2 Back to the experts © TED Conferences LLC

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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