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Childhood in the digital age
Childhood in the digital age

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This free course was written by Nathalia Gjersoe, Natalia Kucirkova and John Oates. It was first published in October 2016 and updated in January 2020.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:


Figure 1 © selimaksan/

Figure 2 © Rawpixel Ltd/

Figure 3 © sx70/

Figure 4 © fieldwor/

Figure 5 © xavigm/

Figure 6 © Linden Research, second life

Figure 7 © Andrew Rich/

Figure 8 © Halfpoint/


2.3: Extract from: Jackson, L., Gauntlett, D. and Steemers, J. (2008) Children in Virtual Worlds: Adventure Rock Users and Producers Study, London, Communication and Media Research Institute, University of Westminster, pp. 5–8.

2.3.2: Extract from: Palfrey, J. and Gasser, U. (2008) Born Digital: Understanding the First Generation of Digital Natives, New York, Basic Books, pp. 20–4.

Audio visual


2.1 The Virtual revolution; ‘Homo interneticus’ © BBC

2.1.4 What is a friend? © TED Conferences LLC

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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