Internet of everything
Internet of everything

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

2.7 Summary

Described image
Figure 24 The four pillars

The four pillars of the IoE are People, Process, Data, and Things.


For the IoE to function, all of the devices that are part of the intended IoE solution must be connected together so that they can communicate. There are two ways in which devices can be connected; either wired or wirelessly. Devices that are not traditionally connected to the network require sensors, RFIDs, and controllers.


Big Data refers to the vast amount of data generated every hour by billions of connected devices. Big Data requires new products and techniques to manage, store, and analyse it. Part of the solution to the problem of Big Data is virtualisation and Cloud computing.

Big Data refers to the way in which organisations collect and analyse vast stores of data for insights that can help identify trends, predict behaviour, and empower decision makers. 


Connected people make behavioural transformations based on their access to information. Simultaneously, their changed behaviour affects the information that is generated. This is known as a feedback loop. Organisations use data generated by connected people to refine and target their marketing strategies.


Processes occur between people, things, and data. Today, the IoE brings them all together by combining M2M, M2P, and P2P connections.

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371