3.1.4 The converged network and things
Many things are currently connected using a loose collection of independent, use-specific networks, as shown in the figure. As a result, they cannot be leveraged in the IoE.
For example, today’s cars have multiple proprietary networks to control engine function, safety features, and communications systems. Converging these systems onto a common network alone would save over 23 kg (50 lbs) of cable in a modern full-size car.
Other examples include commercial and residential buildings, which have various control systems and networks for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), telephone service, security, and lighting. These disparate networks will converge to share the same infrastructure that includes comprehensive security, analytics, and management capabilities. As the components are connected to a converged network using IoT technologies, they become even more powerful as the full breadth of the IoE is able to take advantage and help people improve their quality of life.