Internet of everything
Internet of everything

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3.1.8 Network access for currently unconnected things

For objects with extremely low power requirements, to send information across the network, several short-range wireless communication protocols exist. In some cases, these protocols are not IP-enabled and must forward information to a connected IP-enabled device, such as a controller or gateway. For example, a device that does not use TCP/IP may still communicate with another device that does using a standard, such as Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.15 (Table 4).

Table 4
The Bluetooth protocol is typically used between devices that are in close range, such as a smartphone connection to a Bluetooth-enabled headset, or a Bluetooth-enabled wireless keyboard connected to a computing device.ZigBee is another example of an 802.15 protocol suite that uses pairing between a specified source and destination. An example is between a door sensor and a security system that sends an alert when the door is opened.Near field communication (NFC) is a standard for communicating between things in very close proximity, usually within a few inches. For example, NFC works at point of sale between an RFID tag and the reader.6LoWPAN arose from the need to include extremely low-powered devices with limited processing capabilities as part of IoT, for example, smart meters in a small network.

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