Internet of everything
Internet of everything

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

3.2.7 Static IP addressing

For any IP-enabled device to communicate over an IP network, it must be configured with the correct IP address information. Typically, this information is configured within the device settings. You can statically, or manually, configure IP addressing, as shown in the figure for a Windows PC.

As we learned earlier, an IP address is similar to a street address in that it identifies a unique location across the globe. Your local postal office is your 'gateway' to the postal service, which will use its network of postal locations and transport mechanisms to deliver your letter to the proper destination address. In a network, your local postal office is called the "default gateway" with its own IP address. The default gateway is an IP address that is often assigned by the network administrator or the ISP.

Traditionally, devices on the Internet used IPv4 addresses. However, with an increasing Internet population and a limited number of IPv4 addresses, the transition to IPv6 (another enabler of the IoE) has begun. IPv6 has a larger 128-bit address space, providing for 340 undecillion addresses. 340 undecillion is written as the number 340, followed by 36 zeroes! IPv4 only has a theoretical maximum of 4.3 billion addresses, and those are nearly used up.

The IP addresses in the figure are IPv4 addresses. This is an example of an IPv6 address:

2001:0DB8:0000:1111:0000:0000:0000:0200

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371