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Health and wellbeing in the ancient world
Health and wellbeing in the ancient world

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This free course was written by Helen King, a Professor of Classical Studies at The Open University, with support from Laurence Totelin and Patty Baker. It was first published in August 2019.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:


Figure 1: © so_illustrator / iStock / Getty Images Plus

Figure 2: Wellcome Library, London; licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Figure 3: Wellcome Library, London; licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Figure 4: (c) Leni Riefenstahl taken from 1936 Film Olympia/ Tobis-Filmverleih

Figure 5: (a) Livioandronico2013; licenses/ by-sa/ 4.0/ deed.en; (b) jmax@flickr.This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license. licenses/ by/ 2.0/ deed.en;(c) Greg Willis on flickr; (d) taken from Wikimedia; Wai Laam Lo; licenses/ by-sa/ 3.0

Figure 6: Carole Raddato on, licenses/ by-sa/ 2.0/

Figure 7: Mattgirling; licenses/ by-sa/ 3.0/ deed.en

Figure 8: Randolph Rogers, 1825-1892; Nydia, the Blind Girl of Pompeii, 1856; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Figure 9: (c) Great North Museum: Hancock, Newcastle upon Tyne

Figure 10: Aaron Atsma/

Figure 11: The Kleophon Painter (Greek, Attic), Skyphos, Side A, detail of Hephaistos, about 420 B.C., wheel thrown, slip decorated earthenware, H: 11 13/16 in. (30 cm); Diam (rim): 13 1/16 in. (33.2 cm); Diam (with handles): 18 13/16 in. (47.8 cm); Diam (foot): 8 15/32 in. (21.5 cm). Toledo Museum of Art (Toledo, Ohio), Purchased with funds from the Libbey Endowment, Gift of Edward Drummond Libbey, 1982.88.

Figure 12: Wellcome Library, London;


Figure 14: Egisto Sani; licenses/ by-nc-sa/ 2.0/

Figure 15: DEA / G. DAGLI ORTI / De Agostini / Getty Images

Figure 16: Leemage / Corbis / Getty Images

Figure 17: (a), (b) and (c) Wellcome Library, London; licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Figure 18: Sydb101- Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0 licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Figure 19: Wellcome Library, London, licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Figure 20: Wellcome Library, London; licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Figure 21: Giorgio Sommer

Audio-visual material

Video 2: © BBC (2015) extract from Treasures of Ancient Greece 21 April 2015 programmes/ p02pnvm5 

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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