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Understanding autism
Understanding autism

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American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. Washington, D.C., American Psychiatric Association.
Asperger, A. (1944) ‘Die ‘Autistischen Psychopathen’ in Kindersalter’, Archive fűr Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, vol. 117, pp. 76–136. Translated from German by U. Frith (1991) ‘Autism and Asperger Syndrome’, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
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Bettelheim, B. (1967) The Empty Fortress: Infantile Autism and the Birth of the Self, New York, Free Press.
Blume, H. (1998) ‘Neurodiversity’, The Atlantic [Online]. Available at (Accessed 12 February 2018).
Czech, H. (2018) ‘Hans Asperger, National Socialism and “race hygiene” in Nazi-era Vienna’, Molecular Autism, vol. 9, no. 29 [Online]. Available at (Accessed 31 May 2018).
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Hermelin, B. and O’Connor, N. (1970) Psychological Experiments with Autistic Children, Oxford, Pergamon Press.
Kanner, L. (1943) ‘Autistic disturbances of affective contact’, The Nervous Child, vol. 2, pp. 217–50.
Lawson, W. and Roth, I. (2011) ‘Wendy Lawson in conversation with Ilona Roth’, audio recording from Open University module SK124 Understanding the autism spectrum. Full transcript of conversation available here [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .
Lovaas, O. I. (1987) ‘Behavioural treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young autistic children’, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 55, pp. 3–9.
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