1 Bills in the UK Parliament
An Act of the UK Parliament starts off as a Bill, which, if approved by a majority in the House of Commons and the House of Lords, becomes an Act of the UK Parliament. There are several types of Bill:
- A Public Bill –This is the most common type of Bill. Public Bills deal with matters affecting the public generally and are usually introduced by a government Minister. Most Bills are public and are introduced and supported by the government.
- A Private Members’ Bill – A Private Members’ Bill deals with matters affecting the public generally but is introduced by a Member of Parliament who is not a Minister. Private Members’ Bills are a type of Public Bill and should not be confused with Private Bills.
- A Private Bill – Deals with issues which affect only a very small number of people. For example a Private Bill could deal with a matter affecting a single local authority. Private Bills are promoted by the group concerned. A Private Bill does not affect the general public as a whole.
The rest of this section will deal mainly with Public Bills and the procedural stages through which they must pass to become Acts of the UK Parliament.