4.3.2 Detecting the pathogen
Many rapid diagnostic tests detect the presence of infectious bacteria directly. Some tests can detect the presence of bacterial DNA, or antibiotic resistance genes in the sample, by a laboratory technique called
The information these tests provide can vary. Some, such as the urinary tract infection (UTI) dipstick test, detect the presence of bacteria in a sample. Others, such as the Nordmann/Doret/Poirel test, can provide information on the bacteria’s susceptibility to antibiotics.