1 The antibiotic resistance crisis
Start this week by completing the activity below. This will give you a sense of how serious the problem is and an introduction to the factors that drive resistance.
Activity 1 The antibiotic resistance crisis
First, watch the following video.
Consider the following statements and decide if they are true or false. Write your answer in the right-hand column.
|Statement||True or false?|
|1 All antibiotics are antimicrobials but not all antimicrobials are antibiotics.|
|2 Drug resistance is only a problem in Europe, the USA and other |
|3 Ten million people each year die from antimicrobial resistance (AMR) infection.|
|4 AMR causes significant economic damage.|
|5 Using fewer antibiotics will not help reduce antibiotic resistance.|
|6 It is acceptable to give antibiotics to healthy animals to promote growth.|
|7 Few new antibiotics are being developed to replace those to which bacteria have become resistant.|
|8 Antibiotic resistance surveillance data is necessary to inform clinical decision making.|
- TRUE Antibiotics are just one type of antimicrobial drug. Antivirals, antifungals and antiprotozoans are also antimicrobials.
- FALSE AMR is a global problem.
- FALSE An estimated 700,000 people die every year from AMR infections. This number is expected to rise to 10 million deaths per year by 2050 if resistance is not tackled.
- TRUE For example, the estimated cost to the European Union of AMR infections is €1.5 billion per year.
- FALSE The more antibiotics that are used, the greater the antibiotic resistance.
- FALSE Using antibiotics for reasons other than to treat bacterial infection has been shown to increase antibiotic resistance. You will learn more later about why this happens.
- TRUE Pharmaceutical companies find the cost and regulatory challenge of developing new antibiotics prohibitive.
- TRUE The impact of inadequate AMR surveillance systems on the spread of antibiotic resistance is discussed in Section 6.