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An introduction to exoplanets
An introduction to exoplanets

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This free course was written by Carole Haswell, Flora Rees and Joanna Barstow, with contributions from Amanda Smith. It was first published in May 2019.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:

Course image: Dana Berry / Skyworks Digital / CfA

Week 1

Figures 1, 2, 8, 9, 11, 15, 17: NASA

Figure 3: SDO/NASA/

Figure 4: The Science Education Resource Centre (SERC); licenses/ by-nc-sa/ 3.0/

Figure 5: Andonee - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

Figure 6: courtesy of Daniel Herron

Figure 10: NASA, ESA, and M. Brown - . Originally uploaded to en.wikipedia by en:User:Serendipodous. For more information, see the description page, Public Domain, w/ index.php?curid=2328227

Figure 12: NASA/John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute

Figure 13: Damian Peach;

Figure 14: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute - Original file from JPL Photojournal. Additional editing by Kaldari (seams removed, distortion corrected, missing corner extrapolated)., Public Domain, w/ index.php?curid=6983094

Figure 16: ESA/Rosette/NAVCAM/

Figure 18: taken from:;

Figures 19, 20: NASA/STScl

Figure 21: Bryan Dickerson; taken from:

Figure 22: taken from:

Video 1: What is a Planet: ScienceatNASA

Video 2: The Universe in 3D: courtesy of lenny27G

Video 3: Guide to our Galaxy: European Space Agency, ESA

Video 4: TSO Photography

Week 2

Figure 1: Lunar and Planetary Institute

Figure 2: Avi Solomon/

Figure 3: taken from: 736x/ 07/ 1f/ f5/ 071ff5b724ed7a707bc8f166eabd4088.jpg

Figures 4, 14,16, 17, 20: NASA

Figure 5, 22: Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech

Figure 10: natural-sciences/ gr8/ gr8-mm-02.html

Figure 15: European Southern Observatory (ESO); licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Figure 18: NASA/ESA

Figure 19: NASA, ESA, and A. Simon (Goddard Space Flight Center); licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Figure 21: NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center

Week 3

Figure 1: Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech

Figures 2 and 3: taken from ~townsend/ resource/ teaching/ diploma/ orbit.jpg

Figure 4: Klaus with K; licenses/ by-sa/ 3.0/ deed.en

Figure 5: Dicklyon (Richard F. Lyon);

Figures 7a, 8, 9, 10, 11: NASA

Figure 7b: Nigel Sharp (NSF), FTS, NSO, KPNO, AURA, NSF

Figure 12: European Space Agency, ESA

Video 1: ESO/L. Calçada; licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Week 4

Figure 2a: original © NASA, redrawn version © The Open University

Figure 2b: European Space Agency, ESA

Figure 3: taken from: midstate_impact/ photo/ solar-transit-venus-newhjpg-d5e8dddabfcc1221.jpg

Figure 4: Wolfgang Ellsasser; licenses/ by/ 3.0

Figure 5: MacNeil Fernanndes; licenses/ by-sa/ 3.0

Figure 7: LucasVB;

Figure 8: GeoGebra;

Figure 9: taken from: wikipedia/ commons/ thumb/ 8/ 8c/ Cone.svg/ 2000px-Cone.svg.png

Figure 10: © unknown

Figure 11:

Figure 12: taken from 2012/ 06/ transit_science.gif

Figure 13: Limaner

Figure 14: NASA

Week 5

Figure 1: NASA, ESA and G. Bacon (STScl); licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Figures 2a and 4: (c) IOP Publishing

Figure 2b: UCAR. Photo by Carlye Calvin

Figure 5: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Wendy Stenzel

Figure 6: Carter Roberts;

Figure 8: Sohl, F.

Video 1: Ethan Kruse

Week 6

Figure 1: Painting by Jon Lomberg, Kepler mission diagram added by NASA

Figure 2: Carole Haswell

Figure 3: IOP Publishing

Figure 4: taken from:

Figure 5: NASA/Kepler Mission/Dana Berry

Figure 6: taken from:

Figure 7: taken from: news/ 660/ media/ images/ 48092000/ jpg/ _48092623_glacier_painting0510145.jpg

Figure 8: University of Rochester

Figure 9: NASA Ames/SETI Institute/JPL-Caltech

Figure 10: Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Figures 11: Dana Berry

Figure 12: ESO/L.Calcada; https:/

Week 7

Figure 1: Nigel Sharp (NOAO), FTS, NSO, KPNO, AURA, NSF

Figure 2: taken from: ~luca/ astr101/ Lectures/ L12.html

Figure 3: NASA/IPAC/Caltech

Figure 4: taken from:

Figure 5: taken from: ~luca/ astr101/ Lectures/ L12.html

Figure 6: Elyar Sedaghati; taken from ~esedagha/ research.html

Figure 7: European Space Agency (ESA)

Figure 9: NASA, ESA, and G. Bacon (STScI)

Figure 18: NASA, ESA, M. Kornmesser

Figure 19: NASA/ESA/G. Bacon

Figure 20: taken from

Figure 21: courtesy Space Telescope Science Institute

Figures 22 and 25: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Figure 23: ESO/M. Gillon et al.; licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Figure 24: ESO/N. Bartmann/;

Week 8

Figure 1: P.Kervella (CNRS/ de Paris/LESIA), NASA/ESA and The Hubble Heritage Team(STScl/AURA) NASA SDO

Figures 2, 3: Pale Red Dot

Figure 4: ESO/G.Coleman;

Figure 5: ESO/M. Kornmesser;

Figure 6: NASA/SDO

Figure 7: ESO/; licenses/ by/ 4.0/

Figure 8, 13, 14 and 16: NASA; documents/ TESS-Litho.pdf

Figure 9: Illustration by Tiago Campante/Peter Devine.

Figure 10: ESA/Hubble, M. Kornmesser; licenses/ by/ 3.0/

Figure 11: courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech

Figures 12, 15 and 18: European Space Agency, ESA

Figure 17: SSTL

Figure 19: Paul Kalas/NASA/ESA

Figure 20: (c) NASA/STScI

Video 1: (c) NASA/Solar Dynamic Observatory

Video 2: James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) video; NASA/ESA/CSA

Video 3: NASA/JPL/Caltech

Video 4: Jason Wang (UC Berkeley)/Christian Marois (NRC Herzberg);

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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