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Everyday maths 2 (Wales)

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# 8.3 Percentage change

Watch the video below on how to calculate percentage change, then complete Activity 20.

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## Activity 20: Percentage change formula

Practise using the percentage change formula which you learned about in the video above on the four questions below. Where rounding is required, give your answer to two decimal places.

1. Last year your season ticket for the train cost £1300. This year the cost has risen to £1450. What is the percentage increase?

1. Difference: £1450 − £1300 = £150

• Original: £1300

• Percentage change = × 100

• Percentage change = 0.11538... × 100 = 11.54% increase (rounded to two d.p.)

1. You bought your house 10 years ago for £155 000. You are able to sell your house for £180 000. What is the percentage increase the house has made?

1. Difference: £180 000 − £155 000 = £25 000

• Original: £155 000

• Percentage change = × 100

• Percentage change = 0.16129... × 100 = 16.13% increase (rounded to two d.p.)

1. You purchased your car 3 years ago for £4200. You sell it to a buyer for £3600. What is the percentage decrease of the car?

1. Difference: £4200 − £3600 = £600

• Original: £4200

• Percentage change = × 100

• Percentage change = 0.14285... × 100 = 14.29% decrease (rounded to two d.p.)

1. Stuart buys a new car for £24 650. He sells it 1 year later for £20 000. What is the percentage loss?

1. Difference: £24 650 − £20 000 = £4650

Original: £24 650

Percentage change =  × 100

4650 ÷ 24 650 × 100 = 18.86% loss (rounded to two d.p.)

Congratulations, you now know everything you need to know about percentages! As you have seen, percentages come up frequently in many different areas of life and having completed this section, you now have the skills to deal with all kinds of situations that involve them.

You saw at the beginning of the section that percentages are really just fractions. Decimals are also closely linked to both fractions and percentages. In the next section you will see just how closely related these three concepts are and also learn how to convert between each of them.

## Summary

In this section you have:

• found percentages of amounts

• calculated percentage increase and decrease

• calculated percentage change using a formula

• expressed one number as a percentage of another.