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Eutrophication
Eutrophication

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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • describe the principal differences between a eutrophic and an oligotrophic ecosystem

  • explain the mechanisms by which species diversity is reduced as a result of eutrophication (Questions 2.1 and 2.2)

  • contrast the anthropogenic sources that supply nitrogen and phosphorus to the wider environment, and describe how these sources can be controlled (Question 3.1)

  • describe how living organisms can be used as monitors of the trophic status of ecosystems (Question 4.1)

  • compare the advantages and disadvantages of three different methods for combating anthropogenic eutrophication (Question 4.2).