1 How do mutations lead to resistance?
A bacterium can acquire antibiotic resistance through
So how does altering the sequence of a bacteria’s DNA result in antibiotic resistance? The answer lies in how genetic information, encoded by DNA, is converted into proteins which are required for the structure and function of bacteria.
Optional activity: What do genes do?
If you are unfamiliar with the terms DNA, RNA, base pair, gene, amino acid or protein, you may want to try our free OpenLearn coursebefore you begin the following sections.