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Figure 1 US Army Corps of Engineers.

Figure 3 John Plafker, G. and Galloway, J.P. (1989) Lessons learned from the Loma Prieta, California, earthquake of October 17th, 1989, USGS Circular 1045, United States Geological Survey.

Figure 6 Adapted from Mestel, R. (1995) Minor fault, major disaster, New Scientist, 28 January 1995, IPC Magazines Ltd.

Figure 7 International Seismological Centre

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