Critical criminology and the social sciences
Critical criminology and the social sciences

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Critical criminology and the social sciences

4 Test your knowledge

Now that you have learned about some of the key differences between four of the social sciences – (critical) criminology, sociology, psychology and law – see if you can match the following statements to their respective disciplines/subject areas.

Activity 10

Read each statement and select which discipline it relates to.

Focuses predominantly on mental processes and how these shape individual and social behaviour.

a. 

Sociology


b. 

Psychology


c. 

Critical criminology


d. 

Law


The correct answer is b.

Focuses predominantly on the development, structure, and functioning of human societies.

a. 

Sociology


b. 

Psychology


c. 

Law


d. 

Critical criminology


The correct answer is a.

Focuses predominantly on how a rule or set of rules can be applied in a particular situation to resolve a dispute or conflict.

a. 

Law


b. 

Sociology


c. 

Critical criminology


d. 

Psychology


The correct answer is a.

Often involves a strong focus on the individual, but may also focus on how individuals function within social groups, and how different forms of social organisation can influence an individual’s attitudes and behaviour.

a. 

Sociology


b. 

Law


c. 

Psychology


d. 

Critical criminology


The correct answer is c.

Based on the idea that legal definitions of ‘crime’ are narrow and overly restrictive, and that criminal justice systems serve to protect the interests of the powerful.

a. 

Sociology


b. 

Law


c. 

Critical criminology


d. 

Psychology


The correct answer is c.

Often involves a focus on enduring aspects of society – what are commonly referred to as ‘social structures’.

a. 

Critical criminology


b. 

Sociology


c. 

Law


d. 

Psychology


The correct answer is b.

Consists of a broad range of specialisms that focus, for example, on employment, human rights, land, property and contracts.

a. 

Psychology


b. 

Sociology


c. 

Law


d. 

Critical criminology


The correct answer is c.

Focuses predominantly on how issues relating to harm, crime and justice can be understood in relation to unequal distributions of power, resources and recognition.

a. 

Law


b. 

Psychology


c. 

Critical criminology


d. 

Sociology


The correct answer is c.

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