Summary of Study Session 3
In Study Session 3, you have learned that:
- Sex is a natural attribute that identifies a person as male or female. Gender is a social attribute ascribing some characteristics or norms and modes of behaviour to men and women.
- Traditional gender roles result in men and women not being treated equally even though they have the same human rights.
- Gender inequality is a major issue in WASH. Women are usually responsible for fetching water and inadequate sanitation has greater impact on them than men, and yet they are excluded from decision-making processes.
- In Ethiopia, gender mainstreaming is government policy, but this has not had a significant impact in practice.
- Women’s empowerment means enabling women in a number of ways to overcome gender discrimination and take control of their lives.
- Monitoring is important for assessing changes in gender equality. Both quantitative and qualitative data are needed but gender-related data is often lacking.