5.5.4 Technical factors

Responsibilities for the operation and maintenance of water facilities are assigned to different tiers of government: major maintenance by the regional bureau, simple maintenance by the woreda water office and/or by enterprises engaged in water scheme maintenance; and minor preventive maintenance by the WASHCO or its assigned caretaker. Bottom-up reporting systems and accountability mechanisms and top-down management and technical support need to be strengthened to ensure sustainability.

5.5.3 Institutional factors

5.5.5 Social factors