Family Planning Module: 8. Barrier Contraceptive Methods

Study Session 8  Barrier Contraceptive Methods


Barrier contraceptive methods are another type of contraceptive method used for preventing pregnancy and certain sexually transmitted infections. Various male and female barrier methods of contraception have been in use for centuries, and they are one of the oldest methods in use. They are designed to prevent the passage of sperm into the uterus during the sexual act. The success of such methods depends on the quality of the barriers, and the motivation and willingness of the couple to use the method. The male condom is the only male barrier known, while a number of different female barriers exist, such as the diaphragm, female condom and cervical cap, all of which are widely available. Spermicides are often used in conjunction with barrier methods. They are chemical barriers which can also be used on their own.

In this study session, you will learn about the various barrier methods, their types and mechanism of actions, their effectiveness of use, and the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Learning Outcomes for Study Session 8