8.5.3  Advantages and disadvantages of spermicides

Spermicides are safe to use. They are a female-controlled method that almost every woman can use without the need to consult a healthcare provider first. They can increase vaginal lubrication, so that vaginal dryness and friction will be minimised. They are much easier to use with a little practice and can be stopped at any time. They have no hormonal side effects. Unfortunately they are one of the least effective methods on their own.

8.5.2  Effectiveness of spermicides

Summary of Study Session 8