12.4  Milk hygiene

Milk is an important food, supplying us with proteins, fat, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins (Figure 12.8).

Glass of milk
Figure 12.8  Milk is an important food.

The provision of a safe supply of milk is of great importance for public health, with the following objectives:

  • The improvement of nutritional status of infants, children and mothers.
  • The prevention of disease or physical defects arising from malnutrition.
  • The prevention of communicable, zoonotic disease transmission.
  • The control of milk adulteration.

12.3.4  Preservation of fish

12.4.1  Sources of milkborne diseases