Summary of Study Session 21

In Study Session 21, you have learned that:

  1. Proper community hygiene and sanitation programmes have useful health and socio-economic benefits.
  2. Identifying the possible reasons for not using latrines and handwashing facilities properly is important in order to promote and sustain positive hygiene behaviours.
  3. Latrine utilisation and handwashing practices are affected by behavioural, cultural, social, custom, demographic and economic factors.
  4. Motivating individuals, families and community members using various stimulating techniques will help to bring and sustain hygiene behavioural changes.
  5. There are different behaviour change models and practical approaches that are applicable for hygiene and sanitation practice.
  6. CLTS and PHAST approaches are community-driven, facilitator-guided methods for promoting total sanitation and good hygiene practices.
  7. Monitoring and evaluating the performance of changed behaviour is always important in order to sustain established healthy behaviours.

21.5  Latrine utilisation monitoring and evaluation

Self-Assessment Questions (SAQs) for Study Session 21