Summary of Study Session 19
In Study Session 19, you have learned that:
- Impairments and disability are different. The first relates to the physical aspects of disablement whilst the second relates to the social aspects of disability.
- The four broad categories of impairment are: physical, sensorial, intellectual and multiple.
- Different ways of thinking about disability can be seen in the four main ‘models’ of disability: the charity model, the medical model, the social model and the human rights model.
- Myths (misconceptions) about people with disabilities and the use of inappropriate terminology when discussing disability is commonplace.
- Poverty can cause disability, but can also be a consequence of disability, as many people with a disability in Ethiopia do not have a job.
- The aims of the UN Convention on disability are being pursued in Ethiopia through the use of the twin-track approach and the notion of ‘reasonable accommodation’. You should consider using these to play your part in facilitating the inclusion of people with disabilities in mainstream society.