2.3 Common diseases associated with water in Ethiopia
The government of Ethiopia is taking steps to improve the quality of water supply in urban areas of the country, but many people suffer from communicable diseases associated with water. Data from Harari Region are used here as an example. Table 2.2 shows the diseases that were most prevalent in Harari Region in 2013/2014.
Table 2.2 The prevalence of diseases associated with water in Harari Region in 2013/2014. (Harari Regional Health Bureau, 2014)
|Disease||Number of people affected|
|Diarrhoeal diseases (e.g. rotavirus infection, cholera)||6345|
|Infection by intestinal parasites||462|
The sections that follow describe these diseases in more detail.