12.2 Sanitation and waste management in health institutions

Health institutions include public and private hospitals, health centres, health posts and special clinics. All these institutions have responsibilities to ensure the safety of patients and staff which means provision of sanitation facilities and proper management of healthcare waste. Similar to the guidelines for schools, a design and construction manual for water supply and sanitation facilities in health institutions has been published by the government (MoH et al, 2013). This provides full details of the recommended provision according to the type of institution and the number of people who visit or work there; it also includes recommendations for solid waste management.

12.1.4 Provision of solid waste management facilities

12.2.1 Sanitation