Addis Continental Institute of Public Health (2015) Situational Analysis of Urban Sanitation and Waste Management, Strengthening Ethiopia’s Urban Health Program, John Snow, Inc.,Addis Ababa, Ethiopia [Online]. Available at [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] (Accessed 30 November 2015).
Angassa, K. (2012) Evaluation of the Performane of Constructed Wetland for the Treatment of Brewery Wastewater, MSc thesis, Addis Ababa University [Online]. Available at bitstream/ 123456789/ 3974/ 2/ 101596329358534457905517962239458231263 (Accessed 5 January 2016).
Asefa, M. and Tessema, F. (2000) ‘Supplementary reading for research undertaking’, Jimma University, Ethiopia.
Bai, X., Nath, I., Capon, A., Hasan, N. and Jaron, D. (2012) ‘Health and wellbeing in the changing urban environment: complex challenges, scientific responses, and way forward’, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 465–72 [Online]. Available at: 10.1016/ j.cosust.2012.09.009 (Accessed 13 July 2015).
Basha, T. (2007) ‘Is privatization an option for a better municipal solid waste management of Addis Ababa?’, Municipal Solid Waste Management in Addis Ababa [Online]. Available at 3319471/ Municipal_solid_waste_management_in_Addis_Ababa (Accessed 13 July 2015).
Bjerkli C. L. (2005) ‘The cycle of plastic waste: an analysis of the informal plastic recovery system in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’, MSc thesis, Department of Geography, Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Available at sites/ files/ publications/ files/ Bjerkli-Cycle-of-Plastic-Waste-Addis-Ethiopia.pdf (Accessed 21 July 2015).
Brandberg, B. (1997) Latrine Building: A Handbook for Implementing the SanPlat System, London, Intermediate Technology.
Brikke, F. and Bredero, M. (2003) Linking Technology Choice with Operation and Maintenance in the Context of Community Water Supply and Sanitation: A Reference Document for Planners and Project Staff, Geneva, World Health Organization and IRC Water and Sanitation Centre [Online]. Available at water_sanitation_health/ hygiene/ om/ wsh9241562153.pdf (Accessed 16 July 2015).
Central Statistical Agency [Ethiopia] (2014) Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia [Online]. Available at ethiopia/ Mini_DHS_2014__Final_Report.pdf (Accessed 15 July 2015).
Cowing, M.J., Whiteman, A. and McCarthy, B. (2014) National Urban Solid Waste Management Standards: Part 2: Solid Waste Management Handbook, Urban Governance and Decentralization Programme, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Ministry of Urban Development and Construction, February [Online]. Available at index.php/ en/ what-we-do/ international-and-local-best-practices-2/ doc_download/ 15-solid-waste-management (Accessed 23 July 2015).
Crites, R. and Tchobanoglous, G. (1998) Small and Decentralized Wastewater Management Systems, Singapore, McGraw Hill.
Davis, J. and Lambert, R. (2002) Engineering in Emergencies, 2nd edn, ITDG Publishing, London [Online]. Available at kitemergency/ EN/ 5.%20ACF-Paris%20Toolbox/ 5.5%20Wash/ 01%20-%20Analysis/ 00%20-%20Reference%20books/ 02%20-%20Engineering%20in%20Emergencies.pdf (Accessed 27 July 2015).
Desta, H., Worku, H. and Fetene, A. (2014) ‘Assessment of the contemporary municipal solid waste management in urban environment: the case of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’, Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 7, pp. 107–22, [Online]. Available at fulltext/ ?doi=jest.2014.107.122&org=11 (Accessed 5 December 2015).
Dufera, M., Petros, B., Erko, B., Berhe, N. and Gundersen, S.V. (2014) ‘Schistosoma mansoni infection in finchaa sugar estate: public health problem assessment based on clinical records and parasitological surveys, western Ethiopia’, Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 155–61 [Online]. Available at 10.4314/ star.v3i2.20 (Accessed 28 November 2015).
European Commission (2008) ‘Directive 2008/98/EC on waste and repealing certain Directives’, Official Journal of the European Union, L312, 22 November, pp. 3–30 [Online]. Available at legal-content/ EN/ TXT/ ?uri=CELEX:32008L0098 (Accessed 13 July 2015).
European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO) (2015) Echo Factsheet: Ethiopia, European Commission, Brussels [Online]. Available at echo/ files/ aid/ countries/ factsheets/ ethiopia_en.pdf (Accessed 27 July 2015).
Faris, K., Alemayehu, T., Wubshet, M. and Hailu, D. (2002) Human and Other Liquid Waste Management: Lecture Notes for Environmental Health Students, Jimma University, in collaboration with the Ethiopia Public Health Training Initiative, The Carter Center, the Ethiopia Ministry of Health, and the Ethiopia Ministry of Education [Online]. Available at resources/ pdfs/ health/ ephti/ library/ lecture_notes/ env_health_science_students/ ln_human_waste_final.pdf (Accessed 15 July 2015).
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) (2007) Solid Waste Management Proclamation No.513/2007 [Online]. Available at Download/ Proclamations/ Proc%20No.%20513-2007%20Solid%20Wast%20Management.pdf (Accessed 21 July 2015).
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) (2014) One WaSH National Program: Program Operational Manual (POM) for the Consolidated WaSH Account, September [Online]. Available at page/ 884 (Accessed 13 July 2015).
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) (n.d.) WaSH M&E Framework and Manual[Online]. Available at media/ national_wash_m_e_manual_draft/ (language)/ eng-GB (Accessed 12 December 2015).
Feleke, A., Ashagrie, G. and Drewett, A. (2003) ‘Introduction to qualitative research’, Gondar University, Ethiopia.
Food, Medicine and Healthcare Administration and Control Authority (FMHACA) (2013) Healthcare Waste Management Directive No. 16 / 2013 [Online]. Available at documents/ Healtcare%20Waste%20management.pdf (Accessed 22 December 2015).
Forum for Environment/UNEP (2010) Solid WasteCharacterization and Quantification of Bahir Dar City for the Development of an ISWM Plan [Online]. Available at documents/ Healtcare%20Waste%20management.pdf (Accessed 31 July 2015).
Genet, B. (2011) Constructed Wetland System for Domestic Wastewater Treatment: A Case Study in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, MSc Thesis, Addis Ababa University [Online]. Available at bitstream/ 123456789/ 1171/ 2/ Birhanu%20Genet.pdf (Accessed 5 January 2016).
Getahun, T., Mengistie, E., Haddis, A., Wasie, F., Alemayehu, E., Dadi, D., Van Gerven, T. and Van der Bruggen B. (2012) ‘Municipal solid waste generation in growing urban areas in Africa: current practices and relation to socioeconomic factors in Jimma, Ethiopia’, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 184, no. 10, pp. 6337–45, Department of Environmental Health, Jimma University [Online]. Available from article/ 10.1007%2Fs10661-011-2423-x (Accessed 6 December 2015).
Graham J.P. and Polizzotto, M.L. (2013) ‘Pit latrines and their impacts on groundwater quality: a systematic review’, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 121, no. 5, May [Online]. Available at wp-content/ uploads/ 121/ 5/ ehp.1206028.pdf (Accessed 18 August 2015).
Haddis, A., Getahun, T., Mengistie, E., Jemal, A., Smets, I. and Van der Bruggen, B. (2013) ‘Challenges to surface water quality in mid‐sized African cities: conclusions from Awetu‐Kito Rivers in Jimma, south‐west Ethiopia’, Water and Environment Journal, vol. 28, no. 2.
Harvey, P. (2007) Excreta Disposal in Emergencies: A Field Manual, Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC), Loughborough University, Loughborough [Online]. Available at resources/ books/ Excreta_Disposal_in_Emergencies_-_Complete.pdf (Accessed 27 July 2015).
Health Extension and Education Center (2007) Health Extension Program in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Federal Ministry of Health [Online]. Available at px4xjrm(Accessed 13 July 2015).
Hirpa, W., Tesfaye, H., Nigussie, F. and Argaw H. (2010) ‘Implementation of an intergrated management information system and monitoring and evaluation system in Ethiopia: progress and lessons from poineering regions’ in World Health Organisation (WHO) Quarterly Health Bulletin, January, vol. 3, no. 1, Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia/WHO [Online]. Available at healthmetrics/ library/ countries/ ETH_HIS_LessonsLearned.pdf (Accessed 21 July 2015).
IGNIS (2012) Realization of Pilot Projects [Online]. Available at index.php?page=pilot-projects (Accessed 22 July 2015).
Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) (2014) Ethiopia: Estimates on the Use of Water Sources and Sanitation Facilities (1980–2015), Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, WHO/UNICEF [Online]. The 2015 update of the resource used for this Module is available at documents/ ?tx_displaycontroller[type]=country_files (Accessed 25 May 2015).
Jones, O. (2015) Monitoring Sanitation and Hygiene in Rural Ethiopia: A Diagnostic Analysis of Systems, Tools and Capacity, WSP/World Bank Group [Online]. Available at sites/ files/ publications/ WSP-Monitoring-Sanitation-and-Hygiene-in-Rural-Ethiopia.pdf (Accessed 13 December 2015).
Lohri, C.R., Camenzind, E.J. and Zurbrügg, C. (2014) ‘Financial sustainability in municipal solid waste management--costs and revenues in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia’, Waste Management, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 542–52 [Online]. Available at S0956053X1300500X/ 1-s2.0-S0956053X1300500X-main.pdf?_tid=cc564b48-b4c1-11e5-9bcf-00000aab0f01&acdnat=1452118195_347272fc22103bd098ecf146e0103caf (Accessed 23 July 2015)
Mahmud, M.A., Spigt, M., Bezabih, A.M., Pavon, I.L., Dinart, G.-J. and Velasco, R.B. (2015) ‘Efficacy of handwashing with soap and nail clipping on intestinal parasitic infections in school-aged children: a factorial cluster randomized controlled trial’, PLOS Medicine, 9 June [Online]. Available at plosmedicine/ article?id=10.1371/ journal.pmed.1001837 (Accessed 13 July 2015).
Ministry of Health (MoH) (2004) Construction Usage and Maintenance of Sanitary Latrine Extension Package [Online]. Available at training/ documents/ Sanitary_Latrine.pdf (Accessed 8 June 2015).
Ministry of Health (MoH) (2005) National Hygiene and Sanitation Strategy (NHSS), Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa [Online]. Available at sites/ files/ publications/ 622200751450_EthiopiaNationalHygieneAndSanitationStrategyAF.pdf (Accessed 13 July 2015).
Ministry of Health (MoH) (2008) Health Management Information System (HMIS)/Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E): Strategic Plan for Ethiopian Health Sector[Online]. Available at resadmin/ uploads/ attachment-58-Health_Managment_Information_System_(HMIS).pdf (Accessed 13 December 2015).
Ministry of Health (MoH) (2013) National Sanitation Marketing Guideline [Online]. Available at media/ national_sanitation_marketing_guideline_20132 (Accessed 9 December 2015).
Ministry of Health (MoH), Ministry of Education, Ministry of Water and Energy, and UNICEF (2012) Design and Construction Manual for Water Supply and Sanitation Facilities in Primary Schools [Online]. Available at wash/ schools/ files/ WASH_in_Schools_Design_Manual.pdf (Accessed 31 July 2015).
Ministry of Health (MoH), Ministry of Education, Ministry of Water and Energy, and UNICEF (2013) Design and Construction Manual for Water Supply and Sanitation Facilities in Health Institutions [Online]. Available at wash/ schools/ files/ WASH_in_Health_Facilities_-_Design_Manual.pdf (Accessed 31 July 2015).
Ministry of Urban Development, Housing and Construction (MUDHC) (2015) Urban Solid Waste Handling and Disposal Strategy, Addis Ababa.
Ministry of Water and Energy (MoWE) (2011) Urban Sanitation Universal Access Plan (USANUAP). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia [Online]. Available at content/ download/ 368/ 2247/ file/ Urban-Sanitation-Universal-Access-Plan.pdf (Accessed 15 July 2015).
Morgan, P. (2007) Toilets that Make Compost: Low-cost, Sanitary Toilets that Produce Valuable Compost for Crops in an African Context, Stockholm, EcoSanRes Programme [Online]. Available at pdf_files/ ToiletsThatMakeCompost.pdf (Accessed 16 July 2015).
Pedi, D., Jenkins, M. and Chapin, J. (n.d.) ‘Private sector development: how do we improve capacity of local sanitation businesses?’, UNICEF Sanitation Marketing Learning Series, Guidance Note 4 [Online]. Available at wash/ files/ Guidance_Note_4_-_Business_Development.pdf (Accessed 18 December 2015).
Pickford, J. and Shaw, R. (2005) ‘Emptying pit latrines’, Technical Brief No. 54, Waterlines, vol. 23, no.3, pp.15–18 [Online]. Available at sites/ default/ files/ Pickford-2005-Technical.pdf (Accessed 20 July 2015).
Public–Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) (2011) ‘PPIAF supports private sector participation in the solid waste sector in Ethiopia’, May [Online]. Available at sites/ files/ publication/ PPIAF-Impact-Stories-PSP-in-Ethiopia-Solid-Waste-Sector.pdf (Accessed 23 July 2015).
Rajendran, K., Aslanzadeh, S. and Taherzadeh, M.J. (2012) ‘Household biogas digesters – a review’, Energies, vol. 5, pp. 2911–42 [Online]. Available at 1996-1073/ 5/ 8/ 2911/ pdf (Accessed 22 July 2015).
Ranganathan, S. (2010) ‘Pour-flush latrine – types of toilet’, 25 January [Online]. Available at 2010/ 01/ 25/ pour-flush-latrine-types-of-toilet/ (Accessed 16 July 2015).
Reed, B. (2014) ‘Latrine pit design’, WEDC Guide 023, Water, Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University [Online]. Available at resources/ booklets/ G023-Latrine-pit-design-on-line.pdf (Accessed 4 June 2015).
Regassa, N., Sundaraa, R.D. and Seboka, B.B. (2011) ‘Challenges and opportunities in municipal solid waste management: the case of Addis Ababa City, central Ethiopia’, Journal of Human Ecology, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 179–90 [Online]. Available at 02-Journals/ JHE/ JHE-33-0-000-11-Web/ JHE-33-3-000-11-Abst-PDF/ JHE-33-3-179-11-2145-Regassa-N/ JHE-33-3-179-11-2145-Regassa-N-Tt.pdf (Accessed 23 July 2015).
Sahu, O. and Yimer, S. (2014) ‘Treatment of municipal waste water by wetland’, Journal of Environmental Microbiology, vol. 2, no.2, pp. 145–51 [Online]. Available at full-articles/ treatment-of-municipal-waste-water-by-wetland.pdf?view=inline (Accessed 20 July 2015).
Sani Mark ‘Zena’ (2014) ‘UNICEF–iDE deep dive market assessment and improved latrine product prototyping’, no. 1, p. 4 [Online]. Available at media/ zena_issue_1_oct_2014/ (language)/ eng-GB (Accessed 22 December 2015).
Scarlat, N., Motola V, Dallemand J.F., Monforti-Ferrario, F. and Mofor L (2015) ‘Evaluation of energy potential of municipal solid waste from African urban areas’, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 50, pp. 1269–86 [Online]. Available at science/ article/ pii/ S1364032115005389 (Accessed 30 November 2015).
Sharma, H.R., Destaw, B., Negash, T., Negussie, L., Endris, Y., Meserte, G., Fentaw, B. and Ibrahime, A. (2012) ‘Municipal solid waste management in Dessie City, Ethiopia’, Management of Environmental Quality, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 154–64 [Online]. Available at doi/ pdfplus/ 10.1108/ 14777831311303056 (Accessed 5 December 2015).
Sommer, M., Vasquez E., Worthington N. and Sahin M. (2013) WASH in Schools Empowers Girls’ Education: Proceedings of the Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools Virtual Conference 2012, United Nations Children’s Fund and Columbia University, New York [Online]. Available at wash/ schools/ files/ WASH_in_Schools_Empowers_Girls_Education_Proceedings_of_Virtual_MHM_conference.pdf (Accessed 31 July 2015).
Sphere Project (2011), Sphere Handbook: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response, 2011 [Online]. Online version available at en/ (Accessed 22 December 2015); PDF version available at PageFiles/ 95530/ The-Sphere-Project-Handbook-20111.pdf (Accessed 2 November 2015).
Strande, L., Ronteltap, M. and Brdjanovic, D (eds) (2014) Faecal Sludge Management, ‘Systems approach for implementation and operation’, IWA Publishing, London [Online]. Available at sites/ default/ files/ fsm_book_lr.pdf (Accessed 24 August 2015).
Tadesse, T. (2004) Solid and Hazardous Waste Management: Lecture Notes for Environmental Sciences Students, Gonder University incollaborationwiththeEthiopiaPublicHealthTrainingInitiative,TheCarter Center, theEthiopiaMinistryofHealth,and theEthiopiaMinistryof Education [Online]. Available at resources/ pdfs/ health/ ephti/ library/ lecture_notes/ env_health_science_students/ LN_Solid_Haz_Waste_final.pdf (Accessed 21 July 2015).
TAM Consult (2008) Study On Dairy Investment Opportunities in Ethiopia, SNV, Addis Ababa [Online]. Available at es/ publications/ dairy-investment-opportunities-in-ethiopia (Accessed 13 August 2015).
Tchobanoglous, G. and Kreith, F. (2002) Handbook of Solid Waste Management, 2nd edn, McGraw-Hill.
Tefera Damtew, Y. and Negussie Desta, B. (2015) ‘Micro and small enterprises in solid waste management: experience of selected cities and towns in Ethiopia: a review’, Pollution, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 461–72, Autumn [Online] Available at (Accessed 5 December 2015).
Teller, C.H., Gebreselassie, T. and Hailemariam, A. (2007) ‘The lagging demographic and health transitions in rural Ethiopia: socio-economic, agro-ecological and health survice factors affecting fertility, mortality and nutrition trends’, paper presented at Session 104, ‘Population growth and poverty linkages in Africa’, Fifth African Population Conference, 10–14 December, Arusha, Tanzania [Online]. Available at papers/ 70214 (Accessed 13 July 2015).
Tessema, H. (2010) ‘Overview of Addis Ababa city solid waste management system’, Division for Sustainable Development, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia [Online]. Available at content/ dsd/ susdevtopics/ sdt_wasthaza_icm0310_presentations.shtml (Accessed 12 January 2016).
Thye, Y.P., Templeton, M.R. and Ali, M. (2009) ‘Pit latrine emptying: technologies, challenges and solutions’, EWB-UK Research Conference hosted by The Royal Academy of Engineering, 20 February [Online]. Available at outils/ ouvrages/ ewk_uk_pit_latrine_emptying_technologies_challenges_and_solutions_2009.pdf (Accessed 16 July 2015).
Tilaye, M. and van Dijk, M.P. (2013) ‘Private sector participation in solid waste collection in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) by involving micro-enterprises’, Waste Management and Research, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 79–87 [Online]. Available at content/ 32/ 1/ 79.full.pdf+html (Accessed 5 December 2015).
Tilley, E., Ulrich, L., Lüthi, C., Reymond, Ph. and Zurbrügg, C. (2014) Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies, 2nd revised edn, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag), Dübendorf, Switzerland [Online]. Available at en/ resources/ library/ details/ 454 (Accessed 24 August 2015).
UNICEF (2014) ‘Water, sanitation and hygiene in Wukro, Tigray: baseline survey factsheet’ [Online]. Available at ethiopia/ ETH_Water_sanitation_and_hygiene_in_wukro.pdf (Accessed 14 July 2015).
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2014) World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision, Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/352), United Nations [Online]. Available at unpd/ wup/ Highlights/ WUP2014-Highlights.pdf (Accessed 13 July 2015).
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (2011) Protocol on Liability and Compensation for Damage Resulting from Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, Geneva, Basel Convention [Online]. Available at Portals/ 4/ Basel%20Convention/ docs/ text/ BaselConventionText-e.pdf (Accessed 13 July 2015).
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (2007) Handbook for Emergencies, 3rd edn, UNHCR, Geneva [Online]. Available at PageFiles/ 95884/ D.01.03.%20Handbook%20for%20Emergencies_UNHCR.pdf(Accessed 27 July 2015).
United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) (2008) ‘Ethiopia: Addis Ababa Urban Profile’, Nairobi, Kenya, UN-Habitat [Online]. Available at books/ ethiopia-addis-ababa-urban-profile/ (Accessed 13 July 2015).
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) (2012) ‘Technical assistance project for the upgrading of the Ethiopian leather and leather products industry’, Independent Evaluation Report. [Online]. Available at fileadmin/ user_media_upgrade/ Resources/ Evaluation/ Ethiopia_leather_evaluation_FINAL_report_130208.pdf (Accessed 4 January 2016)
Van de Klundert, A. and Anschütz, J. (2001) Integrated Sustainable Waste Management: The Concept [Online]. Available at tools/ downloads/ tools_ISWMconcept.pdf (Accessed 31 July 2015).
Visscher, J.T., Adank, M., Tucker, J. and Butterworth, J. (2014) Learning about Community Water and Sanitation Assessments and Action Plans in Ethiopia, June, Addis Ababa, GLoWS [Online]. Available at media/ glows_manual (Accessed 13 July 2015).
Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) (n.d.) Poster 25: Shallow Trench Latrines in Emergencies [Online]. Available at resources/ posters/ P025_Shallow_trench_latrines_for_emergencies.pdf (Accessed 18 December 2015).
Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)/Loughborough University (2011) Inclusive Design of School Latrines: How Much Does it Cost and Who Benefits? [Online]. Available at resources/ briefnotes/ BN001_School_Latrines.pdf (Accessed 31 July 2015).
The World Bank (2004) Monitoring & Evaluation: Some Tools, Methods and Approaches, World Bank, Washington, USA [Online]. Available at oed/ oeddoclib.nsf/ 24cc3bb1f94ae11c85256808006a0046/ a5efbb5d776b67d285256b1e0079c9a3/ $FILE/ MandE_tools_methods_approaches.pdf(Accessed 21 July 2015).
World Health Organization (WHO) (n.d.) ‘Health topics: sanitation’ [Online]. Available at topics/ sanitation/ en/ (Accessed 13 July 2015).
World Health Organization/Water, Engineering and Development Centre(WHO/WEDC) (2013a) Updated WHO/WEDC Technical Notes on WASH in Emergencies [Online]. Available at water_sanitation_health/ publications/ technotes/ en/ index.html (Accessed 11 December 2015).
World Health Organization/Water, Engineering and Development Centre(WHO/WEDC) (2013b) ‘Technical Note 8: Disposal of dead bodies in emergency conditions’, Updated WHO/WEDC Technical Notes on WASH in Emergencies [Online]. Available at water_sanitation_health/ publications/ 2011/ tech_note8/ en/ index1.html (Accessed 11 December 2015).
Young Lives (2014) ‘Nutrition and health: round 4 preliminary findings – preliminary findings from the 2013 Young Lives Survey (Round 4): Ethiopia’ [Online]. Available at files/ country-reports/ round-4/ ethiopia_r4_nutrition (Accessed 13 July 2015).