Curated references with a focus on OER/OEP and widening participation research

This is a curated list of references focusing on open educational resources (OER) and open educational practices (OEP) and widening participation. It is not intended to be an exhaustive list but to provide some sense of this area.

Atkins, D. E., Brown, J. S., & Hammond, A. L. (2007) A Review of the Open Educational Resources (OER) Movement: Achievements, Challenges, and new Opportunities. Menlo Park, CA: The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.


Beetham, H., McGill, L. and Littlejohn, A. (2010) Learning Literacies in the Digital Age report, Joint Information System Committee,


Bossu, C., Bull, D. and Brown, M. (2012) Opening up Down Under: the role of open educational resources in promoting social inclusion in Australia. Distance Education, 33 (2) 151-164.


Bovill, C., Cook-Sather, A. and Felten, P. (2011) Students as co‐creators of teaching approaches, course design, and curricula: implications for academic developers. International Journal for Academic Development. 16 (2), pp 133-145.


Brown, T. and Martin, R. (2015) ‘Design for Action: How to use design thinking to make great things actually happen’, Harvard Business Review, 93.9, 57-64.


Cannell, P., Hewitt, L. and George, J.W. (2005)  ‘Joined up access: the experience of the Open Road programme in Dumfries and Galloway’, Widening Participation and Lifelong Learning, 7, 3: 1 – 5.


Cannell, P. and Hewitt, L. (2010) Reflecting on the evolution of Openings initiatives in Scotland, Widening Participation and Lifelong Learning, 12, 130- 137.


Cape Town Open Education Declaration. (2007). Cape Town Open Education Declaration: Unlocking the promise of open educational resources.


Clow, D. (2013) MOOCs and the Funnel of Participation. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge, LAK '13. pp 185-189


Combe, M., George, J. and Kirwan, M. (1998) ‘The Heineken Factor: reaching yet more isolated parts’, Open Learning, 13(3), 47-53.


Conole, G. (2012) Fostering social inclusion through open educational resources (OER). Distance Education, 33 (2) 131–134.


D’Antoni, S. (2009) Editorial: Open Educational Resources: reviewing initiatives and issues. Open Learning, 24(1) 3–10.


D’Antoni, S. (2013) ‘Open Educational Resources: Access to Knowledge – A Personal Reflection’ in McGreal, R., Kinuthia, W. and Marshall, S. (eds) (2013) Open Educational Resources: Innovation, Research and Practice. Vancouver: The Commonwealth of Learning and Athabasca University.


Dhanarajan G. & Porter D. (eds) (2013) Open Educational Resources: An Asian Perspective. Vancouver: The Commonwealth of Learning.


Dhillon, J. K. (2010) ‘The role of social capital in sustaining partnership’, British Educational Research Journal, 35, 5: 687 – 704.


Dorst, K. (2011). The core of “design thinking” and its application. Design Studies, 32(6), 521–532.


Dorst, K., Cross, N. (2001). Creativity in the design process: co-evolution of problem–solution. Design Studies, 22(5), 425–437.


Edinburgh University (2013) MOOCs @ Edinburgh 2013 Report

Falconer, I., McGill, L., Littlejohn, A. and Boursinou, E. (2013) Overview and Analysis of Practices with Open Educational Resources in Adult Education in Europe.  Luxemburg: European Commission.


Fuller, A., and Paton, K. (2008) ‘Barriers’ to participation in higher education? Depends who you ask and how’, Widening Participation and Lifelong Learning, 10, 2: 6-17.


Geser, G. (2007) Open educational practices and resources: OLCOS Roadmap 2012, Salzburg: Salzburg Research.


Goodfellow, R. and Lea, M.R. (2013) Literacy in the Digital University. Abingdon and New York: Routledge.


Gorard, S., Smith, E., May, H., Thomas, L., Adnett, N., and Slack, K. (2006) Review of widening participation research: Addressing the barriers to participation in higher education. A report to HEFCE by the University of York, Higher Education Academy and Institute for Access Studies.


Gourley, B. and Lane, A. (2009). Re-invigorating openness at The Open University: the role of Open Educational Resources, Open Learning, 24(1), pp. 57-65.


Grimes, S. (2003) The digital economy challenge facing peripheral rural areas. Progress in Human Geography, 27 (2) 174-193.


Haggard, S. (2013) The Maturing of the MOOC. London: The Department of Business Innovation and Skills.


Helsper, J. and Eynon, R. (2013) ‘Distinct skill pathways to digital engagement’, European Journal of Communication, 28, 6: 696–713.


Holmwood, J. (2013) Commercial Enclosure: Whatever happened to open access.  Radical Philosophy, 181.


Kirwan, M. (1997) ‘Open University Community Education in the West of Scotland’, Open Learning, 12(3), 49-53.


Lane, A. (2008) Am I good enough? The mediated use of open educational resources to empower learners in excluded communities. In: Fifth Pan- Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning, 13-17 July 2008, London, UK.


Lane, A. (2012) A review of the role of national policy and institutional mission in European distance teaching universities with respect to widening participation in higher education study through open educational resources. Distance Education, 33 (2) 135–150.


Lane, A. (2013) ‘How OER Support Lifelong Learning’ in in McGreal, R., Kinuthia, W. and Marshall, S. (eds) (2013) Open Educational Resources: Innovation, Research and Practice. Vancouver: The Commonwealth of Learning and Athabasca University.


Lane, A., Caird, S. and Weller, M. (2014) The potential social, economic and environmental benefits of MOOCs: operational and historical comparisons with a massive “closed online” course. Open Praxis, 6 (2), 115–123.


Macintyre R. (2013) Open Educational Partnerships and Collective Learning. Journal of Interactive Media in Education. Available at:


Malcom, J, Hodkinson, P and Colley, H 2003 The inter- relationships between informal and formal learning, Journal of Workplace Learning, 15(7/8): 313–318. DOI:


McAndrew, P., Santos, A., Lane, A., Godwin, S., Okada, A., Wilson, T., Connolly, T., Ferreira, G., Buckingham Shum, S., Bretts, J. and Webb, R. (2009) OpenLearn Research Report 2006-2008. Milton Keynes: The Open University.


McGivney, V. (1999) Informal Learning in the Community – a trigger for change and development, Leicester: NIACE.


McGivney, V. (2000) Working with excluded groups, Leicester: NIACE.


McGivney, V. (2004) ‘Understanding persistence in adult learning’, Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 19, 1: 33 – 46.


McGreal, R., Kinuthia, W. and Marshall, S. (eds) (2013) Open Educational Resources: Innovation, Research and Practice. Vancouver: The Commonwealth of Learning and Athabasca University.


Nikoi, S., and Armellini, A. (2012) ‘The OER mix in higher education: purpose, process, product, and policy’, Distance Education, 33,2: 165-184.


NUS Scotland (2013) Unlocking Scotland’s Potential: Promoting Fairer Access to Higher Education.  Edinburgh: NUS Scotland.


Osborne, M. (2003) ‘Policy and practice in widening participation: a six country comparative study of access as flexibility’, International Journal of Lifelong Education, 22, 1: 43 – 58.


Rebollo, A., Vico, A. (2014) ‘Perceived Social Support as a Factor of Rural Women’s Digital Inclusion in Online Social Networks’, Media Education Research Journal, 43, 12: 173 – 180.


Rose-Adams, J. and Butcher, J. (2015) Distance Education In European Higher Education - The Potential: UK Case Study, Oslo, International Council for Open and Distance Education.


Scanlon, E. (2012) Open educational resources in support of science learning: tools for inquiry and observation. Distance Education, 33 (2), 221-236.


Scottish Funding Council (2005) Learning For All, Edinburgh: Scottish Funding Council.


Scottish Funding Council (2014) Learning for All: eighth update report on measures of success 2014, Edinburgh: Scottish Funding Council. 


Seddon, T. (2014) ‘Making educational spaces through boundary work: territorialisation and ‘boundarying’’, Globalisation, Societies and Education12(1), 10-31.


Som, N. (2014) Looking back, looking forward: the invention and reinvention of distance education. Distance Education, 35(3), 263-270.

Tett, L., Crowther, J. and O’Hara, P. (2003) ‘Collaborative partners in community education’, Journal of Educational Policy, 18, 1: 37 – 51.


The Department for Business, Information and Skills (2013) The Maturing of the MOOC, BIS Research Paper 130 


The Royal Society of Edinburgh (2014) Digital Scotland


Tibbitt, J. (2011) Social media, social capital and learning communities,


UNESCO (2012) 2012 Paris OER Declaration


Warren, M. (2007) The digital vicious cycle: Links between social disadvantaged and digital exclusion in rural areas. Telecommunications Policy, 31, 374-388

Welsh Government (2014) Open & online: Wales higher education and emerging modes of learning”, Report of the Online Digital Learning Working Group


White, D. (2013) Across the Divide: Tackling Digital Exclusion in Glasgow, Dunfermline: Carnegie UK Trust.


Wild, J 2012 OER Engagement Study: Promoting OER reuse among academics, Available from: SCORE%20Fellowship%20Final%20Report%20-%20 web%20version.pdf


Withnall, A. (1993) ‘Analysing the effectiveness of distance learning methods with ‘disadvantaged’ groups in continuing education’, Proceedings of the 1993 SCUTREA conference, 72-75.


Woodgate A. (2014) Exploring (new) potential: moving MOOC design beyond the "norms". In MOOCs - Which way Now? ALT MOOC SIG, University College London, 27th of June 2014


Willems, J. and Bossu, C. (2012) Equity considerations for open educational resources on the glocalization of education. Distance Education, 33, 2, 185- 199.

Last modified: Monday, 31 Jul 2017, 09:17