Who was Hammurabi?
Hammurabi was the Sixth Sumerian King, born in about 1810 BC in Babel of the first Babylonian dynasty of the Amorites and founder of the first Babylonian Empire, unifying the Mesopotamian world, uniting the Semites and the Sumerians and bringing Babylon to its greatest splendour.
He was the author of one of the most important legal codes of antiquity and the oldest in history: the Hammurabi Code.
The young sovereign who started the division of peoples into political and civil unity, it is not for weapons, but also administrative and peaceful action, thus conquering, by agreements and wars, almost in Mesopotamia.
As a legislator, Hammurabi consolidated the legal tradition, harmonized customs and extended the law and law to all subjects. As an administrator, he surrounded the capital with walls, restored the most important temples and instituted taxes and tributes for the benefit of public works, rectified the Euphrates river bed, built new ones and maintained old irrigation and navigation channels, to give impetus to agriculture and the trade in the Mesopotamian plain.
The conquered peoples allowed the cult of the local religion while rebuilding their cities and ornamenting their temples. He implanted the notion of law and ordered the territory under his power.
Hammurabi reigned from 1792 BC until his death, in 1750 BC His empire was not only marked for the creation of the code but also because it expanded the hegemony of Babylon by Mesopotamia, starting with the domination of the south, with Ur and Isin from King Larsa as early as the beginning of his reign.