This free course was written by Kristina Hultgren.
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The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:
Course Image: © davidf / iStockphoto.com
Figure 2 Children interacting: a sociocultural linguistic approach to language and learning: © SAMUEL ASHFIELD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Figure 3 Colour PET scan of language areas of the brain: a cognitive approach to language and learning: © WELLCOME DEPT. OF COGNITIVE NEUROLOGY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Figure 4 Noam Chomsky: Photo by Al Dunlop / Toronto Star via Getty Images
Figure 5 Dell Hymes: Reproduced by permission of the American Anthropological Association
Figure 6 Michael Halliday: © Annabelle Lukin via Wikimedia. This file is licenced under the Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 licence https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en
Figure 7 Lev Vygotsky: Taken from Marxists Internet Archive, www.marxists.org
Figure 9 Braj Kachru’s three-circle model of English speakers: Kachru, B.B. (1992 ) ‘Teaching world Englishes’ in Kachru, B.B. (ed.) The Other Tongue: English Across Cultures, Urbana, University of Illinois Press
Figure 10 Suresh Canagarajah: Photo supplied by Suresh Canagarajah
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