Understanding language and learning
Understanding language and learning

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Understanding language and learning


This free course was written by Kristina Hultgren.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:


Course Image: © davidf / iStockphoto.com

Figure 2 Children interacting: a sociocultural linguistic approach to language and learning: © SAMUEL ASHFIELD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Figure 3 Colour PET scan of language areas of the brain: a cognitive approach to language and learning: © WELLCOME DEPT. OF COGNITIVE NEUROLOGY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Figure 4 Noam Chomsky: Photo by Al Dunlop / Toronto Star via Getty Images

Figure 5 Dell Hymes: Reproduced by permission of the American Anthropological Association

Figure 6 Michael Halliday: © Annabelle Lukin via Wikimedia. This file is licenced under the Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 licence https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en

Figure 7 Lev Vygotsky: Taken from Marxists Internet Archive, www.marxists.org

Figure 9 Braj Kachru’s three-circle model of English speakers: Kachru, B.B. (1992 [1982]) ‘Teaching world Englishes’ in Kachru, B.B. (ed.) The Other Tongue: English Across Cultures, Urbana, University of Illinois Press

Figure 10 Suresh Canagarajah: Photo supplied by Suresh Canagarajah

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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