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The ethics of cultural heritage
The ethics of cultural heritage

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This free course was written by Joshua Thomas. It was first published in August 2020.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:


Figure 1: Ludmila Pilecka;

Figure 2: Tanner (Capt) – War Office official photographer; from the collection of the Imperial War Museum

Figure 3: Federal Government of the United States; Public Domain

Figure 4: Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-2005-0004 / Wittke / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Figure 5: Horton (Capt) – War Office official photographer; from the collections of the Imperial War Museums–

Figure 6: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-60015-0002 / Giso Löwe / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Figure 7: Andreas Praefcke;

Figure 8: courtesy of Emma Cunliffe

Figure 9: Source: Melchior Wankowicz: Bitwa o Monte Cassino, Rome/Milano 1945-1947

Figure 10: from the collection of the Imperial War Museum; Photographed by Baker (F/O), Royal Air Force official photographer

Figure 11: United States Army

Figure 13: Tasnim News Agency;


Videos 4 and 5: UNESCO

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.