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Lottery of birth
Lottery of birth

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Course image: weible1980;

Audio visual

Introduction: The heart of the issue: early childhood development: courtesy © UNICEF Innocenti

Week 1


Figure 1: adventtr;

Figure 2: UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe

Figure 3: Sally Anscombe; Getty Images

Figure 4: dabldy;

Figure 5: Roberto Schmidt; Getty Images

Slideshow 1: 10 Facts on Health Inequalities and Their Causes; (c) World Health Organisation;

Figure 6: Pistol Peet in Flickr licenses/ by-nd/ 2.0/ [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] :

Figure 7: Elisa Bogas Save the Children in /Flickr made available under licenses/ by/ 2.0/

Figures 8 and 9: adapted from Center for Universal Education at the Brookings Institute

Figure 10: adapted from: topincomes

Figure 11: Trends in redistribution in selected countries, 1990, 2000, 2007 and 2011. Adapted from: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2013) Inequality Matters: Report of the World Social Situation. Available at Trends in redistribution in selected countries, 1990, 2000, 2007 and 2011 graph - Source: UN (2013), calculations based on data from Solt, Fredrick, (2009).

Figure 12: Andy Davey

Figure 13: Byron in Flickr

Figure 14: Dwight Nadig;

Figure 15: Alex Belomlinksy;

Figure 16: wcjohnston;

Audio visual


Extract from ‘Why poverty: four born every second’ (2012, BBC Four) © Century Films Ltd

Wealth inequality in the UK (2013): courtesy Inequality Briefing

Richard Wilkinson: How economic inequality harms societies; TED Talks; licenses/ by-nc-nd/ 2.0/

Week 2


Figure 1: Bartosz Hadyniak: Getty Images

Figure 2: Kameleon007:

Figure 3: World Health Organisation;

Figure 4: nattrass;

Figure 6: BSIP; Getty Images

Figure 7: DFID in Flickr licenses/ by-nd/ 2.0/

Figure 10: Josef Friedhuber;

Figure 11: Stepanie Rausser; Getty Images

Figure 12: KatarzynaBialasiewicz/

Figure 13: ineskoleva/iStock Photo

Figures 14, 15 and 16: Maps based on United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2015). World Contraceptive Use 2015 (POP/DB/CP/Rev2015). See: en/ development/ desa/ population/ publications/ dataset/ contraception/ wcu2015.shtml

Figure 17: Stefan Hoedrath; Getty Images

Figure 18: Ullstein Bild; Getty Images

Figure 19: Zhou Yuwei, 1986 in Flickr licenses/ by/ 2.0/

Figure 20: jumaydesigns;

Figure 21: Allkindza;

Figure 22: © Milla Kontkanen; Alamy

Figure 23: photobac;

Figure 24: gisele/

Figure 25: DFID UK in Flickr made available under


Extract from the Save the Children report, State of the World’s Mother, pp. 56–9 © Save the Children (2013)

Extract from May, J.F. (2012) World Population Politics: Their Origin Evolution and Impact, London, Springer, pp. 261–2

Extract from Hartas, D. (2014) Parenting, Family Policy and Children’s Well-being in an Unequal Society: A New Culture War for Parents, London, Palgrave Macmillan.

Audio visual

Video: Early Roman Birth. 2nd Century : © The Open University and its licensors

Demographic Transition: KHAN Academy (2014) .

Hans Rosling: Don’t Panic: The Truth About Population: Wingspan Productions Limited

Extract from ‘Parents with disabilities’: © BBC, We Won’t Drop the Baby

Week 3


Figure 1: Chau Doan; Getty Images

Figure 2: The lowest birth registration levels are found in Sub-Saharan Africa, UNICEF;

Figure 3: Thierry Monasse; Getty Images

Figure 4: Zanariah Salam; Getty Images

Figure 5: TPG;

Figure 6: TARA TODRAS-WHITEHILL/X01969/Reuters/Corbis

Figure 7: Per Anders-Pettersson; Getty Images

Figure 8: David M. Benett; Getty Images

Figure 9: anand purohit; Getty Images

Figure 10: DFIF: UK Department for International Development in Flickr


Slideshow 1: 17 Sustainable Development Goals, Overview, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs

Audio visual


Extract from ‘8 Millennium Development Goals: What We Met And Missed’; courtesy AJ+ Al Jazeera Media Network

A ‘Passport to Protection’: Extract from ‘200 Hundred Million Invisible Children’ © courtesy of UNICEF

Extract from ‘Don't Panic - The Truth About Population’ 7 November 2013 © BBC


Global Inequality: Thinking Allowed Global Inequality; (c) BBC 2017

Extract from Millennium Villages 9 May 2012 © BBC

Week 4


Figure 1: nullplus;

Figure 2: Peter MacDiarmid; Getty Images

Figure 3: davidf;

Figure 4: frentusha;

Figure 5: PeopleImages;

Figure 6: Radiomoscow;

Figure 7: Bartosz Hadyniak;

Audio visual


Danny Dorling Maps: TEDTalks; licenses/ by-nc-nd/ 4.0/

Hans Rosling: The Magic Washing Machine; TEDTalks; licenses/ by-nc-nd/ 4.0/


Extract from: Steven Edwards: UNFPA (2015) ‘10 things you didn’t know about the world’s population’ Available via,

Rights and choices for all adolescents and youth: a UNFPA global strategy; Danielle Engel, Irem Tümer, Cecile Mazzacurati, Mandira Paul, Satvika Chalasani, Ilya Zhukov, Bente Faugli, José Roberto Luna and Soyoltuya Bayaraa.

This free course was written by Pam Foley.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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