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Gamified Intelligent Cyber Aptitude and Skills Training (GICAST)
Gamified Intelligent Cyber Aptitude and Skills Training (GICAST)

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3 Why we need standards on the internet

This section is part of the amber pathway.

This image is a photograph of a complicated road layout, from above.
Figure 10

As you’ve learned, when you send data over the internet it is sent across several hierarchies of networks, using different technologies from many different providers and operated by different organisations.

These networks must use a standard form of communication so information from one network can be passed across to another network. It is similar to having to speak a common language when communicating in public – you could speak any language at home.

To some extent, the way any one of these separate networks works internally is nobody’s business but the owner and users of that network. However, where a network joins to other networks, where it becomes part of the internet, it has to conform to the standards of the internet.

The internet is not owned by a single organisation, so there is no one authority that dictates how it works. Yet all the different people and organisations with their own networks that together make up the internet have to work to common standards, or data would be unable to move between the different networks.

In the next section you’ll find out about the TCP/IP protocols.