Skip to content
Skip to main content

About this free course

Share this free course

Introduction to Arabic
Introduction to Arabic

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

1 Arabic alphabet

The first step to learning any language is to learn the alphabet. The Arabic alphabet consists of twenty-eight letters, which you will find in the following table with the English transliteration. Listen carefully to the audio, and repeat the letters you hear. Before you move to joining letters in the next section, learning to write independent letters is highly recommended.

Described image
Figure 1 Arabic alphabet
Download this audio clip.Audio player: Audio 1
Audio 1
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).
Table 1 Arabic letters
Transliteration The letter’s name in English The letter’s name in Arabic The letter (Independent)
A alif أَلِف ا
B baʾ بَاء ب
T taʾ تَاء ت
Th - ṯ Tha’ - ṯaʾ ثَاء ث
J - ǧ ǧīm جِيم ج
ḥaʾ حَاء ح
Kh - ẖ ẖaʾ خَاء خ
D dāl دَال د
Th - ḏ Thal - ḏāl ذَال ذ
R rāʾ رَاء ر
Z zāy زَاي ز
S sīn سِين س
Sh - š šīn شِين ش
ṣād صَاد ص
ḍād ضَاد ض
ṭāʾ طَاء ط
ẓāʾ ظَاء ظ
ʿ ʿain عَين ع
Gh- ġ ġain غَين غ
F fāʾ فَاء ف
Q qāf قَاف ق
K kāf كَاف ك
L lām لَام ل
M mīm مِيم م
N nūn نُون ن
H hāʾ هَاء هـ
W wāw وَاو و
Y yaʾ يَاء ي

Activity 1

Timing: 20 minutes

To practise, match the letters with the correct English translation.

Using the following two lists, match each numbered item with the correct letter.

  1. ب

  2. م

  3. ن

  4. ي

  5. ق

  • a.N

  • b.M

  • c.Q

  • d.B

  • e.Y

The correct answers are:
  • 1 = d
  • 2 = b
  • 3 = a
  • 4 = e
  • 5 = c







The correct answer is c.







The correct answer is b.