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English: skills for learning
English: skills for learning

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5.1 Organising information into subtopics

Rather than writing notes that list the information in the order followed by the source text, you may decide to use your own organisation. You will practise this in the following activity.

Activity 13

Timing: Allow approximately 10 minutes

As you saw in previous activities, the practice text provides information about causes, effects and location of over-nutrition and under-nutrition. Focusing on these topics can help you to reorganise your notes.

Go over the practice text and your previous notes again and organise the information using the headings below. Where useful, you may want to include some examples. To increase the effectiveness of these notes, try to use very concise expressions.

When you finish compare your work with my answer. You can make your notes either in the boxes provided below or on paper if you prefer.

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Answer

My answer contains information I felt would be useful when discussing the topic of malnutrition. You may have chosen slightly different information.

As you see, I have used very concise expressions. Reducing information to concise expressions is a skill you will practise in Week 8.

Under-nutrition

Causes:

Eating disorders (in developed countries): anorexia, bulimia

Low energy diet

Scarcity of food (famine)

Effects:

Lethargy, low activity levels, low concentration

Stunted growth, weight loss

Long term/in children: diseases leading to death

Vitamin (e.g. Vit A→sight loss) and mineral (e.g. iron→anaemia) deficiency

Where?

Developing countries – mostly

Developed countries

Over-nutrition

Causes:

Excessive food intake

Saturated fats-rich diets (dairy products, animal fats, coconut/palm oil)

Effects:

Lethargy, low activity levels, low concentration

Weight gain, obesity

Effects of obesity: coronary heart disease, gallstones, arthritis, cancer, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure

Type 2 diabetes: metabolic problems, mostly adults+children

Where?

Developing countries – mostly

Developed countries