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English: skills for learning
English: skills for learning

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3.2 Giving examples

In Week 4 you saw that to fully explain a point it is useful to illustrate it by adding an example. To help the reader notice the sentences containing examples and to distinguish them from sentences containing a point or an explanation, writers use a range of linking words and phrases, such as these:

  • for example
  • for instance
  • is an example
  • is a case in point
  • one example is
  • such as (Note that ‘such as’ can only be used to link information within and not between sentences.)
  • is illustrated.

Activity 6

Timing: Allow approximately 10 minutes

Fill the gaps in the sentences below by inserting one of the listed linking phrases. Sometimes more than one phrase can be used.

for exampleis illustrated
as an exampleis a case in point
one examplesuch as
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Answer

  1. Technology often involves devices or tools, but it also includes social innovations. For example/for instance, a book can be thought of as a technology for sharing ideas, or a meeting between people as a technology for sharing experience to solve a problem.
  2. In this book, farming is used as an example of a technology that involves tools, knowledge and effective organisation of people in order to work.
  3. From a social science perspective migration provides an interesting example of how large-scale social forces impact upon individual lives. The experience of Barack Obama is a case in point. His parents, and also the young Obama, migrated across the world.
  4. This complexity is illustrated by the following case study.
  5. If migrants feel that their ancestral language negatively affects their life chances, they may encourage children to use only English. One example is that of a poor community of Yiddish-speaking immigrants in the early twentieth-century Cape Town.
  6. Some sciences, such as chemistry and physics, tend to be based within laboratories.